An active citation compilation gathers sources that scholars provide in tandem with activating the citations in a piece of scholarship. “Active citation,” originally developed by Andrew Moravcsik (2010, 2012, 2014), entails digitally enhancing the citations (in-text references, footnotes, and/or endnotes) in a piece of scholarship based on qualitative or multi-method research. Citations that support important claims, conclusions, and inferences are “activated” – hyperlinked to a Transparency Appendix (TRAX) where more rigorous, annotated versions of the citations appear. In addition, when the actual sources that underlie the activated citations can be legally and ethically shared, the TRAX includes hyperlinks to these sources, which are gathered in an active citation compilation.
In the first project, Jack Snyder (Columbia University) has activated the citations in Chapter 7 (“Russia: The Politics and Psychology of Overcommitment”) of The Ideology of the Offensive: Military Decision Making and the Disasters of 1914 (Cornell University Press, 1984).
We invite users to consider how much more clearly micro-connections between data and claim can be established by authors – and how much more readily they can be evaluated by other scholars – when authors use active citation, provide illuminating annotations, and supply the underlying sources.